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The Basics of Natural Gas

May 08, 2017

natural gas, drilling, energy

Natural gas is one of the most used sources of energy for heating. Canada is the 5e largest producer of this fuel in the world. He produced electricity. Let's see in detail everything you need to know about natural gas.

What Is Natural Gas?

Natural gas is a fossil fuel that is created from the remains of animals and plants compressed down over millions of years.  Closer to the surface where the temperatures are lower, this process produces an oil.  However, deeper below the surface the temperatures and pressure are much higher, creating a gas.  Natural gas is comprised of a hydrocarbon gas mixture that is mostly methane.  It also contains smaller numbers of other alkanes, carbon dioxide, nitrogen, helium or hydrogen sulfide. 

Where Is It Found?

Natural gas is found in various parts of the world.  It is located deep underground in rock formations or other hydrocarbon reserves.  According to the International Energy Agency, the top 5 natural gas producers in the world are:

  1. United States
  2. Russia
  3. Iran
  4. Qatar
  5. Canada

Suppliers of natural gas produce it from conventional and unconventional geological formations.  With both formations, the gas is extracted by drilling.  In order to maximize output while adhering to environmental regulations, drilling companies must be sure to use the highest quality materials.  Companies such as Plastech Plus Inc. can supply drill muds, polymers, PVC piping and ground sampling supplies

Extracting natural gas involves a number of different players from the producers, who hold the lease of the land, suppliers, who provide the producers with the necessary supplies, regulators, who provide oversight of the industry and geologists, who help determine the potential in different locations.  

Why Use Natural Gas?

Natural gas can be used efficiently in a variety of ways.  Some of the uses that are becoming increasingly popular include:

  • Source of heat for homes and businesses
  • Generate electricity
  • High-efficiency furnaces
  • Hot water heaters
  • Fireplaces
  • Stoves

Benefits of Natural Gas

There are tremendous benefits to using natural gas.  One of the biggest benefits is that it is the cleanest and most efficient fossil fuel.  Other benefits include:

  • Ability to transport and store it in a liquid state
  • Has the lowest emission and contamination impact of all fossil fuels
  • Lowest installation cost per watt

In Canada, natural gas is found primarily in British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, off the Maritimes and New Brunswick. Then, there is a small portion in Ontario and northern Canada. At Plastech Plus, we supply many companies with products that will allow you to draw energy from the ground in a clean way. Contact us to learn more about our drilling services.

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